These LEDs will typically produce between 3 and 4 lumens per LED. They typically run at between 5v to 24v, with 12v being the most common voltage. They individually pull between 0.05 and 0.08 watts. This generates between 35 and 80 lumens per watt, depending on the actual LED.
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are the most commonly used technology for lighting homes and businesses, as well as industrial and other uses. LED technology in lighting has progressed rapidly in recent years and there are now several different types to choose from: DIP, SMD, COB and MCOB.
DIP (Dual In-line Package) is the oldest form of LED technology, and the most commonly used in residential applications. It uses two rows of individual light bulbs connected together in a line. The bulbs themselves consist of a base and two legs which connect at 90 degree angles to a cathode and anode. This design allows for a low-cost, efficient lighting option that is well suited for basic lighting needs. DIP LEDs provide good light output, with a bright light that is balanced and uniform.
SMD (Surface-Mounted Device) LEDs are an improved version of the DIP design. This technology utilizes a single, continuous row of light bulbs instead of two, creating a slim profile. Because of its slim design, SMD LEDs can be used in a broader range of applications. They offer higher efficiency, energy savings, and color and brightness control than DIP LEDs.
COB (Chip On Board) LEDs are a more recent form of LED technology. These are small, tightly packed clusters of LED chips mounted onto a single board. By combining many small pieces of LED chips into a single board, this design creates an extremely powerful package that is far more energy efficient than other LED technologies. COB LEDs provide a higher light output than SMD, while still maintaining a slim profile.
MCOB (Multi-Chip On Board) LEDs are a further iteration on the COB concept. This design takes the same premise as COB, but with multiple LED chips fused together to create one larger module. With this technology, many chips can be stacked into a single package, creating a higher light output without sacrificing energy efficiency. The end result is a brighter, more efficient light source that can illuminate larger areas.
All of these LED technologies offer different benefits and are ideal for different purposes. DIP is ideal for basic lighting needs with basic light output. SMD is great for applications where a slim profile and better energy efficiency are desired. COB offers more power and light output, while MCOB provides the brightest light output with the most energy efficiency. It is important to assess the specific lighting needs for each particular application before deciding which LED technology is best.